TAVI (TAVR) price and its cost-effectiveness in India
TAVR (Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement) and SAVR (Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement) are two procedures used to treat aortic valve stenosis, a condition in which the valve that controls blood flow from the heart to the rest of the body becomes narrowed, reducing blood flow and causing symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, and fatigue.
TAVR is a minimally invasive procedure in which a new valve is implanted through a catheter, typically through the femoral artery in the groin, and guided to the heart using imaging techniques. SAVR, on the other hand, is an open-heart surgery in which the damaged valve is removed and replaced with a new valve through an incision in the chest.
There are several differences between TAVR and SAVR. One of the most significant differences is that TAVR is a minimally invasive procedure that does not require opening the chest, while SAVR is an open-heart surgery. As a result, TAVR typically has a shorter recovery time and a lower risk of complications than SAVR.
SAVR may be preferred for younger and more active patients, who may benefit from the longer life span of the mechanical replacement valve. Tissue Valves have similar durability. SAVR is the only option for redo procedures if previous valve is mechanical prosthetic valve.
Ultimately, the choice between TAVR and SAVR depends on the individual patient's health status, age, and medical history, as well as the specific characteristics of their valve disease. Patients should consult with their doctors to determine the best treatment option for them.
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat aortic stenosis in patients who are not suitable for open-heart surgery. The cost of TAVI in India varies depending on the hospital and the type of valve used. Generally, the cost of the procedure ranges from INR 17 lakh to INR 30 lakh.
In terms of cost-benefit, TAVI can be a more cost-effective option compared to open-heart surgery, especially for elderly patients who may have other medical conditions that make them high-risk for surgery. TAVI is a shorter and less invasive procedure, which means that patients usually have a shorter hospital stay and a faster recovery time. This can translate into lower healthcare costs and a quicker return to normal activities, which can be especially important for elderly patients.
However, it is important to note that the cost-benefit of TAVI needs to be evaluated on a case-by-case basis, taking into account the patient's age, overall health, and other medical conditions. Additionally, not all hospitals in India offer TAVI, and the availability of the procedure may also vary depending on the location. Patients should consult with their doctors to determine if TAVI is the best treatment option for them and to discuss the potential costs and benefits.